Recently Published

Gregory L. Britten and Elizabeth C. Silbert (2020), Enhanced fish production during a period of extreme global warmth, Nature Communications, doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-19462-w

John Casey and Michael J. Follows (2020), A steady-state model of microbial acclimation to substrate limitationPLoS Computational Biology, doi: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1008140

Stephanie Dutkiewicz, Philip W. Boyd, Ulf Riebesell (2020), Exploring biogeochemical and ecological redundancy in phytoplankton communities in the global oceanGlobal Change Biology, doi: 10.1111/gcb.15493

Mukund Gupta, Michael J. FollowsJonathan Maitland Lauderdale (2020), The Effect of Antarctic Sea Ice on Southern Ocean Carbon Outgassing: Capping Versus Light AttenuationGlobal Biogeochemical Cycles, doi: 10.1029/2019GB006489

Inomura, K. A-W. Omta, D. Talmy, J. Bragg, C. Deutsch, and M.J. Follows (2020), A Mechanistic Model of Macromolecular Allocation, Elemental Stoichiometry, and Growth Rate in PhytoplanktonFrontiers in Microbiology, doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2020.00086

Lauren W. Juranek, Angelicque E. White, Mathilde Dugenne, Fernanda Henderikx Freitas,  Stephanie Dutkiewicz,  Francois Ribalet, Sara Ferrón,  E. Virginia Armbrust, David M. Karl (2020), The Importance of the Phytoplankton ‘Middle Class’ to Ocean Net Community ProductionGlobal Biogeochemical Cycles, doi: 10.1029/2020GB006702

A.W. Omta, D. Talmy, K. Inomura, A.J. Irwin, Z.V. Finkel, D. Sher, and M.J. Follows (2020), Quantifying nutrient throughput and DOM production by algae in continuous cultureJournal of Theoretical Biology, doi: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2020.110214

Paulina Pinedo-González,  Nicholas J. Hawco,  Randelle M. Bundy,  E. Virginia Armbrust,  Michael J. Follows,  B. B. Cael,  Angelicque E. White,  Sara Ferrón,  David M. Karl, and  Seth G. John (2020), Anthropogenic Asian aerosols provide Fe to the North Pacific OceanPNAS, doi: 10.1073/pnas.2010315117

Emily Zakem, Jonathen Maitland Lauderdale, Reiner Schlitzer, Michael J. Follows (2020),  A flux-based threshold for anaerobic activity in the oceanESSOar (for Geophysical Research Letters), doi: 10.1002/essoar.10504387.1

Emily J. Zakem, Martin F. Polz and Michael J. Follows (2020), Redox-informed models of global biogeochemical cycles, Nature Communications, doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-19454-w

(These and other 2020 publications can be found below)

Submitted/ Under Review

Carroll, D., D. Menemenlis, M. M. Gierach, H. Zhang, M. Manizza, P. Landschützer, C. Rödenbeck, D. S. Schimel, K. W. Bowman, J. Adkins, J. Naviaux, J. M. Lauderdale, and S. Dutkiewicz, Seasonal to Multi-decadal Air-sea CO2 Fluxes from the Data-constrained ECCO-Darwin Global Ocean Biogeochemistry Model, Submitted to Global Biogeochemical Cycles

Follett, C.L., S. DutkiewiczG. Forget, B.B. Cael, M.J. Follows, Moving ecological and biogeochemical transitions across the North Pacific. Limnology and Oceanography (under review)

Frajka-Williams, et al. Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation: Observed transports and variability, under review at Frontiers in Marine Science [Forget]

Jones et al (2019a), Heat distribution in the Southeast Pacific is only weakly sensitive to high-latitude heat flux and wind stress [Forget]

Jones et al (2019b), The sensitivity of Southeast Pacific heat distribution to local and remote changes in ocean properties [Forget]

J.M. Lauderdale, B.B. Cael (2020), Impact of remineralization profile shape on the air-sea carbon balanceGeophysical Research Letters (submitted), doi: 10.1002/essoar.10504824.1

Paul J. Tréguer, Jill N. Sutton, Mark Brzezinski, Matthew A. Charette, Timothy Devries, Stephanie Dutkiewicz, Claudia Ehlert, Jon Hawkings, Aude Leynaert, Su Mei Liu, Natalia Llopis Monferrer, María López-Acosta, Manuel Maldonad, Shaily Rahman, Lihua Ran, and Olivier Rouxel (2020), Reviews and syntheses: The biogeochemical cycle of silicon in the modern oceanBiogeosciences Discuss., doi: 10.5194/bg-2020-274, in review, 2020

Ward, B.A., S. Collins, S. Dutkiewicz, S. Gibbs, P. Brown, A.J. Ridgwell, and J.D. Wilson, and A. Oschlies. AGU Centennial Grand Challenge: Considering the role of adaptive evolution in models of the ocean and climate system. Invited submission to Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, AGU Centennial Grand Challenge Section.

Wells, M.L., B. Karlson, A. Wulff, R. Kudela, V. Asnaghi, E. Berdalet, W. Cochlan, K. Davidson, M. De Rijcke, S. Dutkiewicz, G. Hallegraeff, K. J. Flynn, H. Paerl, C. Legrand, J. Silke, S. Suikkanen, P. Thompson, V. Trainer, and C. Trick. Future Harmful Algal Bloom Science: Directions and Challenges in a Changing Climate. In review for Harmful Algae

Published Work


Murat Aydin, Gregory L Britten et al (2020), Anthropogenic impacts on atmospheric carbonyl sulfide since the 19th century inferred from polar firn air and ice core measurements, Earth and Space Science Open Archive, doi: 10.1002/essoar.10503126.1

Gregory L. Britten and Elizabeth C. Silbert (2020), Enhanced fish production during a period of extreme global warmthNature Communications, doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-19462-w

John Casey and Michael J. Follows (2020), A steady-state model of microbial acclimation to substrate limitationPLoS Computational Biology, doi: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1008140

Stephanie Dutkiewicz, Philip W. Boyd, Ulf Riebesell (2020), Exploring biogeochemical and ecological redundancy in phytoplankton communities in the global oceanGlobal Change Biology, doi: 10.1111/gcb.15493

Carlos M. Duarte, Susana Agusti, Edward Barbier, Gregory L. Britten, Juan Carlos Castilla, Jean-Pierre Gattuso, Robinson W. Fulweiler, Terry P. Hughes, Nancy Knowlton, Catherine E. Lovelock, Heike K. Lotze, Milica Predragovic, Elvira Poloczanska, Callum Roberts & Boris Worm (2020), Rebuilding marine lifeNature, doi: 10.1038/s41586-020-2146-7

IOCCG (2020), Synergy between Ocean Colour and Biogeochemical/Ecosystem Models. Dutkiewicz, S. (ed.), IOCCG Report Series, No. 19, International Ocean Colour Coordinating Group, Dartmouth, Canada, doi: 10.25607/OBP-711

Stephanie Dutkiewicz, Pedro Cermeno, Oliver Jahn, Michael J. Follows, Anna E. Hickman, Darcy A. A. Taniguchi, and Ben A. Ward (2020), Dimensions of marine phytoplankton diversity, Biogeosciences, doi: 10.5194/bg-17-609-2020

Mukund Gupta, Michael J. FollowsJonathan Maitland Lauderdale (2020), The Effect of Antarctic Sea Ice on Southern Ocean Carbon Outgassing: Capping Versus Light AttenuationGlobal Biogeochemical Cycles, doi: 10.1029/2019GB006489

Keisuke Inomura, Christopher L. Follett, Takako Masuda, Meri Eichner, Ondřej Prášil and Curtis Deutsch (2020), Carbon Transfer from the Host Diatom Enables Fast Growth and High Rate of N2 Fixation by Symbiotic Heterocystous CyanobacteriaPlants, doi: 10.3390/plants9020192

Lauren W. Juranek, Angelicque E. White, Mathilde Dugenne, Fernanda Henderikx Freitas,  Stephanie Dutkiewicz,  Francois Ribalet, Sara Ferrón,  E. Virginia Armbrust, David M. Karl (2020), The Importance of the Phytoplankton ‘Middle Class’ to Ocean Net Community ProductionGlobal Biogeochemical Cycles, doi: 10.1029/2020GB006702

Lauderdale, J.M., G. Forget, R. Braakman, S. Dutkiewicz, and M.J. Follows (2020), Microbial feedbacks optimize ocean iron availability, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1917277117

Paulina Pinedo-González,  Nicholas J. Hawco,  Randelle M. Bundy,  E. Virginia Armbrust,  Michael J. Follows,  B. B. Cael,  Angelicque E. White,  Sara Ferrón,  David M. Karl, and  Seth G. John (2020), Anthropogenic Asian aerosols provide Fe to the North Pacific OceanPNAS, doi: 10.1073/pnas.2010315117

Maike Sonnewald, Stephanie Dutkiewicz, Christopher Hill, Gael Forget (2020), Elucidating ecological complexity: Unsupervised learning determines global marine eco-provincesScience Advances, doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aay4740

A.W. Omta, D. Talmy, K. Inomura, A.J. Irwin, Z.V. Finkel, D. Sher, and M.J. Follows (2020), Quantifying nutrient throughput and DOM production by algae in continuous cultureJournal of Theoretical Biology, doi: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2020.110214

Peipei Wu, Emily J Zakem, Stephanie Dutkiewicz, Yanxu Zhang (2020), Biomagnification of methylmercury in a marine plankton ecosystemEnviron. Sci. Technol., doi: 10.1021/acs.est.9b06075

Emily Zakem, Jonathen Maitland Lauderdale, Reiner Schlitzer, Michael J. Follows (2020),  A flux-based threshold for anaerobic activity in the oceanESSOar (for Geophysical Research Letters), doi: 10.1002/essoar.10504387.1

Emily J. Zakem, Martin F. Polz and Michael J. Follows (2020), Redox-informed models of global biogeochemical cyclesNature Communications, doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-19454-w


Braakman, R. (2019), Evolution of cellular metabolism and the rise of a globally productive biosphere, Free Radical  Biology and Medicine, doi: 10.1016/j.freeadbiomed.2019.05.004

Casey, J., K. Bjorkman, S. Ferron, D. Karl (2019), Size dependence of physiology and metabolism within marine picoplankton populations, Limnology and Oceanography, doi: 10.1002/lno.11153

Dutkiewicz, S., A.E. Hickman, O. Jahn, E. Moneir, S. Henson, and C. Beaulieu (2019), Ocean colour signature of climate change, Nature Communications, doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-08457-x

Forget, G. and Ferreira, D. (2019), Global ocean heat transport dominated by heat export from the tropical Pacific, Nature Geoscience, doi: 10.1038/s41561-019-0333-7, view paper @

Frawley T.H., D.K. Briscoe, P.C. Daniel, G.L. Britten, L.B. Crowder, C.J. Robinson, W.F. Gilly (2019),  Impacts of a transition to tropical oceanic conditions on Gulf of California Jumbo Squid Dosidicus gigas, ICES Journal of Marine Science,doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsz133

Heimbach P., Fukumori, I., Hill C.N., Ponte R., Stammer D., Wunsch C., Campin J-M., Cornuelle B., Fenty I., Forget G,  Köhl A., Mazloff M., Menemenlis D., Nguyen A., Piecuch C., Trossman D., Verdy A., Wang O., Zhang H. (2019), Putting It All Together: Adding Value to the Global Ocean and Climate Observing Systems With Complete Self-Consistent Ocean State and Parameter EstimatesFrontiers in Marine Science, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00055

Keisuke Inomura, Curtis Deutsch, Samuel T. Wilson, Takako Masuda, Evelyn Lawrenz, Bučinská Lenka, Roman Sobotka, Julia M. Gauglitz, Mak A. Saito, Ondřej Prášil, Michael J. Follows (2019), Quantifying Oxygen Management and Temperature and Light Dependencies of Nitrogen Fixation by Crocosphaera watsoniiMolecular Biology and Physiology, doi: 10.1128/mSphere.00531-19

A.M. Kuhn, S. Dutkiewicz, O. Jahn, S. Clayton, T.A. Rynearson, M.R. Mazloff, A.D. Barton (2019), Temporal and spatial scales of correlation in marine phytoplankton communitiesJGR Oceans, doi: 10.1029/2019JC015331

Liefer, J.D., A. Garg, M.H. Fyfe, A.J. Irwin, I. Benner, C.M. Brown, M.J. Follows, A.W. Omta, Z.V. Finkel (2019), The macromolecular basis of phytoplankton C:N:P under nitrogen starvation, Frontiers in Microbiology, doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2019.00763

Svetlana N. Losa, Stephanie Dutkiewicz, Martin Losch, Julia Oelker, Mariana A. Soppa, Scarlett Trimborn, Hongyan Xi, and Astrid Bracher (2019), On modeling the Southern Ocean Phytoplankton Functional TypesBiogeosciences Discussions, doi: 10.5194/bg-2019-289

Jann Paul Mattern, Christopher A. Edwards, Christopher N. Hill (2019), Dual number-based variational data assimilation: Constructing exact tangent linear and adjoint code from nonlinear model evaluationsPloS One, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223131

Jozef I. Nissimov, David Talmy, Liti Haramaty, Helen Fredricks, Ehud Zelzion, Benjamin Knowles, Murat Eren, Rebecca Vandzura, Christien P. Laber, Brittany M. Schieler, Christopher T. Johns, Kuldeep More, Marco J.L. Coolen, Michael J. Follows, Debashish Bhattacharya, Benjamin A.S. Van Mooy, Kay D. Bidle et al (2019), Biochemical diversity of glycosphingolipid biosynthesis as a driver of Coccolithovirus competitive ecologyEnvironmental Microbiology, doi: 10.1111/1462‐2920.14633

Milad Memarzadeh, Greg Britten, Boris Worm, Carl Boettiger (2019), Rebuilding Global Fisheries Under UncertaintyPNAS, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1902657116

Roemmich, et al. On the future of Argo: An enhanced global array of physical and biogeochemical sensing floatsFrontiers in Marine Science, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00439 [Forget]

Storto et al (2019), Ocean Reanalyses: Recent Advances and Unsolved ChallengesFrontiers of Marine Science, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00418  [Forget]

David Talmy, Stephen J. Beckett, Darcy A.A. Taniguchi, Corina P.D. Brussard, Joshua S. Weitz, and Michael J. Follows (2019), An empirical model of carbon flow through marine viruses and microzooplankton grazers, Environmental Microbiology, doi: 10.1111/1462-2920.14626

Wagner, C. C., Amos, H. M., Thackray, C. P., Zhang, Y., Lundgren, E. W., Forget, G., et al. (2019), A global 3‐D ocean model for PCBs: Benchmark compounds for understanding the impacts of global change on neutral persistent organic pollutants, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, doi: 10.1029/2018GB006018

Samuel T. Wilson, Nicholas J. Hawco, E. Virginia Armbrust, Benedetto Barone, Karin M. Björkman, Angela K. Boysen, Macarena Burgos, Timothy J. Burrell, John R. Casey, Edward F. DeLong, Mathilde Dugenne, Stephanie Dutkiewicz, Sonya T. Dyhrman5,6, Sara Ferrón, Michael J. Follows, Rhea K. Foreman, Carolina P. Funkey, Matthew J. Harke, Britt A. Henke, Christopher N. Hill, Annette M. Hynes, Anitra E. Ingalls, Oliver Jahn, Rachel L. Kelly, Angela N. Knapp, Ricardo M. Letelier,  Francois Ribalet, Eric M. Shimabukuro,Ryan K. S. Tabata, Kendra A. Turk-Kubo, Angelique E. White, Jonathan P. Zehr, Seth John, David M. Karl (2019), Kīlauea lava fuels phytoplankton bloom in the North Pacific Ocean, Science, doi: 10.1126/science.aax4767

Emily J. Zakem, Amala Mahadevan, Jonathan M. Lauderdale, and Michael J. Follows (2019), Stable aerobic and anaerobic coexistence in anoxic marine zonesThe ISME Journal, doi: s41396-019-0523-8

Ruifeng Zhang, Rachel L. Kelly, Kathryn M. Kauffman, Amber K. Reid, Jonathan M. Lauderdale, Michael J. Follows, Seth G. John (2019), Growth of marine Vibrio in oligotrophic environments is not stimulated by the addition of inorganic iron, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2019.04.002



Amrhein, D.E., C. Wunsch, O. Marchal, G. Forget (2018), A global glacial ocean state estimate constrained by upper-ocean temperature proxies, Journal of Climate, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0769.1

B. B. Cael, Michael C. G. Carlson, Christopher L. Follett and Michael J. Follows (2018), Marine Virus-Like Particles and Microbes: A Linear Interpretation, Front. Microbiol., doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.00358

Cael, B.B., K. Bisson, and C. L. Follett (2018), Can ocean primary production and biological carbon export be related through their probability distributions? Global Biogeochemical Cycles, doi: 10.1029/2017GB005797

Dutkiewicz, S., A.E. Hickman and O. Jahn (2018), Modelling Ocean Colour Derived Chlorophyll-aBiogeosciences, 15, 613-630, doi: 10.5194/bg-15-613-2018

Christopher L. Follett, Stephanie Dutkiewicz, David M. Karl, Keisuke Inomura and Michael J. Follows (2018), Why do diatom-diazotroph association bloom in the North Pacific subtropical summer? The ISME Journal, doi:  10.1038/s41396-017-0012-x

Christopher L. Follett, Angelicque E. White, Samuel T. Wilson, and Michael J. Follows (2018), Nitrogen fixation rates diagnosed from diurnal changes in elemental stoichiometry, Journal of Limnology and Oceanography, doi: 10.1002/lno.10815

Inomura, K., J. Bragg, L. Riemann, and M.J. Follows (2018), A quantitative model of nitrogen fixation in the presence of ammoniumPLoS One, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0208282

Jones, D.C., G. Forget, B. Sinha, S.A. Josey, E.J.D. Boland, A.J.S Meijers and E. Shuckburgh (2018), Local and remote influences on the heat content of the Labrador Sea: An adjoint sensitivity study, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 123, 2646‐2667, doi: 10.1002/2018JC013774

Kimberlee Thamatrakoln, David Talmy, Liti Haramaty, Christopher Maniscalco, Jason R. Latham, Ben Knowles, Frank Natale, Marco J. L. Coolen, Michael J. Follows and Kay D. Bidle (2018), Light regulation of coccolithophore host–virus interactions, New Phytologist,
doi: 10.1111/nph.15459

Omta, A. W., Ferrari, R., & McGee, D. (2018), An analytical framework for the steady state impact of carbonate compensation on atmospheric CO2, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 32, 720–735, doi: 10.1002/2017GB005809

Strobach, E., A. Molod, G. Forget, J-M. Campin, C. Hill, D. Menemenlis, P. Heimbach (2018), Consequences of different air-sea feedbacks on ocean using MITgcm and MERRA-2 forcing: Implications for Coupled Data Assimilation SystemsOcean Modelling, doi: 10.1016/j.ocemod.2018.10.006

Emily J. Zakem, Alia Al-Haj, Matthew J. Church, Gert L. van Dijken, Stephanie Dutkiewicz, Sarah Q. Foster, Robinson W. Fulweiler, Matthew M. Mills and Michael J. Follows (2018), Ecological control of nitrite in the upper ocean, Nature Communications, doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-03553-w


Benoiston, A.-S., F.M. Ibarbalz, L. Bittner, L. Guidi, O. Jahn, S. Dutkiewicz and C. Bowler (2017), The evolution of diatoms and their biogeochemical functionsProceedings of the Royal Society,  B, 372: 20160397, doi: 10.1098/rstb.2016.0397

Braakman, R., M.J. Follows and S.W. Chisholm (2017), Metabolic evolution and the self-organization of ecosystems, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., doi: 10.1073/pnas.1619573114

Bracher, A., H. Bouman, R. Brewin, A. Bricaud, V. Brotas, A.M. Ciotti, L. Clementson, E. Devred, A. Di Cicco, S. Dutkiewicz, N. Hardman-Mountford, A. Hickmann, M. Hieronymi, T. Hirata, S. Loza, C.B. Mouw, E. Organelli, D. Raitsos, J. Uitz, M. Vogt, A. Wolanin (2017),
Obtaining Phytoplankton Diversity from Ocean Color: A Scientific Roadmap for Future DevelopmentFrontiers in Marine Science, 4:55, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2017.00055

B. B. Cael, and Emmanuel Boss (2017), Simplified model of spectral absorption by non-algal particles and dissolved organic materials in aquatic environments, Optics Express  Vol. 25, Issue 21, pp. 25486-25491, doi: 10.1364/OE.25.025486

B.B. Cael, Kelsey Bisson, Michael J. Follows (2017), How have recent temperature changes affected the efficiency of ocean biological carbon export? Limnology and Oceanography Letters, doi: 10.1002/lol2.10042

B. B. Cael and Courtenay Strong (2017),  A Laplacian characterization of phytoplankton shape, Journal of Mathematical Biology, doi: 10.1007/s00285-017-1176-8

Clayton, S., S. Dutkiewicz, O. Jahn. C.N. Hill, P. Heimbach, and M.J. Follows (2017),
Biogeochemical versus ecological consequences of modeled ocean physicsBiogeosciences, 14, 2877-2889, doi: 10.5194/bg-14-2877-2017

Omta, D. Talmy, D. Sher, Z. V. Finkel, A. J. Irwin, M. J. Follows (2017), Extracting phytoplankton physiological traits from batch and chemostat culture data, Limnology and Oceanography – Methods, doi: 10.1002/lom3.10172

Treguer, P., C. Bowler, B. Moriceau, S. Dutkiewicz, M. Gehlen, O. Aumont, L. Bittner, R. Dugdale, Z. Finkel, D. Iudicone, O. Jahn, L. Guidi, M. Lasbleiz, K. Leblanc, M. Levy, P. Pondaven (2017), Influence of diatom diversity on the ocean biological pump, Nature Geoscience, doi:10.1038/s41561-017-0028-x

Vallina, S., P. Cermeno, S. Dutkiewicz, M. Loreau, and J.M. Montoya.
Phytoplankton functional diversity increases ecosystem productivity and stability.
Ecological Modelling, 361, 184-196, doi: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2017.06.020

Joshua S. Weitz, Stephen J. Beckett, Jennifer R. Brum, B. B. Cael, and Jonathan Dushoff (2017), Lysis, lysogeny, and virus-microbe ratiosNature, 549, E1–E3, doi: 10.1038/nature23295


Mohammad D. Ashkezari, Christopher N. Hill, Christopher N. Follett, Gaël Forget, Michael J. Follows (2016), Oceanic eddy detection and lifetime forecast using machine learning methods: Oceanic eddies and machine learningGeophysical Research Letters, doi: 10.1002/2016GL071269

Barton, A.D., S. Dutkiewicz, K.H. Andersen, O. Fiksen, M. Follows, C. Mouw, N. Record, and T. Rynearson (2016), Report on the Trait-based approaches to ocean life scoping workshop, October 5-8, 2015, U.S. Ocean Carbon and Biogeochemistry Program, 35 pp., doi: 10.1575/1912/8017

B.B. Cael, and Michael J. Follows (2016), On the Temperature Dependence of Oceanic Export EfficiencyGeophys. Res. Lett., 43, doi: 10.1002/2016GL068877

B.B. Cael (2016), New Satellites Paint a Portrait of Plankton Spatial VariabilityOcean Carbon and Biogeochemistry News, Vol. 9, number 1, Spring 2016 (pdf)

Chien, C.-T., K.R.M. Mackey, S. Dutkiewicz, N.M. Mahowald, J.M. Prospero, and A. Paytan.
Effects of atmospheric dry deposition on phytoplankton downwind of the Sahara dust plume in the Western tropical Atlantic Ocean off Barbados, Global Biogeochemical Cycles,  doi: 10.1002/2015GB005334

Clayton, S., Y-C. Lin, M.J. Follows and A. Worden (2016), Co-occurrence of Ostreococcus clades in the Kuroshio, Limnol. & Oceanogr., doi: 10.1002/lno.10373

Finkel, Zoe F., Mick J. Follows, Jusitin D. Liefer, Chris M. Brown, Ina Benner, and John J. Irwin (2016), Phylogenetic Diversity in the Macromolecular Composition of Microalgae, PLoS ONE, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0155977

Finkel, Z.V., M.J. Follows, A.J. Irwin (2016), Size-scaling of macromolecules and chemical energy content in the eukaryotic microalgae,  J Plank. Res. 38: 1151-1162, doi: 10.1093/plankt/fbw057

Lionel Guidi ei al. (2016), Plankton networks driving carbon export in the oligotrophic oceanNature 532, 465–470 (28 April 2016) doi: 10.1038/nature16942

Grossowich, M., D. Roth-Rosenberg, D. Aharonovich, J. Silverman, M.J. Follows and D. Sher (2016), Prochlorococcus in the lab and in silico: the importance of representing exudation., Limnol. and Oceanogr., doi: 10.1002/lno.10463

Keisuke Inomura, Jason Bragg and Michael J Follows (2016), A quantitative analysis of the direct and indirect costs of nitrogen fixation: a model based on Azotobacter vinelandii, The ISME Journal, doi: 10.1038/ismej.2016.97

Knoll, A.H., and M.J. Follows (2016), A bottom up perspective on ecosystem change in the Mesozoic ocean, Proc. Roy. Soc. B., 283: 20161755, doi: 10.1098/rspb.2016.1755

Lauderdale, J., S. Dutkiewicz, R. Williams, and M.J. Follows (2016),
Quantifying the drivers of ocean-atmosphere CO2 fluxesGlobal Biogeochemical Cycles, 30, 983-999, doi: 10.1002/2016GB005400

Johann S. Lopez, Nathan S. Garcia, David Talmy, and Adam C. Martiny (2016), Diel variability in the elemental composition of the marine cyanobacterium SynechococcusJ. Plankton Res.,  0: 1–10, doi: 10.1093/plankt/fbv120

Fanny M. Monteiro, Lennart T. Bach, Colin Brownlee, Paul Bown, Rosalind E. M. Rickaby, Alex J. Poulton, Toby Tyrrell, Luc Beaufort, Stephanie Dutkiewicz, Samantha Gibbs, Magdalena A. Gutowska, Renee Lee, Ulf Riebesell, Jeremy Young and Andy Ridgwell (2016), Why marine phytoplankton calcify, Science Advances, Vol. 2, no. 7, e1501822, doi: 10.1126/sciadv.1501822

A.W. Omta, B.W. Kooi, G.A.K. van Voorn, R.E.M. Rickaby, M.J. Follows (2016), Inherent characteristics of sawtooth cycles can explain different glacial periodicities, Climate Dynamics, 46, 557-569, doi: 10.1007/s00382-015-2598-x

Alice Soccodato, Francesco d’Ovidio, 1, Marina Lévy, Oliver Jahn, Michael J. Follows, Silvia De Monte (2016), Estimating planktonic diversity through spatial dominance patterns in a model ocean, Marine Genomics, doi: 10.1016/j.margen.2016.04.015

Song, H., J. Marshall, D.R. Munro, S. Dutkiewicz, C. Sweeney, and U. Hausmann (2016),
Mesoscale modulation of air-sea CO2 flux in Drake PassageJournal of Geophysical Research, 121, 6635-6649, doi: 10.1002/2016JC011714

Song, H., J. Marshall, M.J. Follows, S. Dutkiewicz, and G. Forget (2016), Source waters for the highly productive Patagonian shelf in the southwestern AtlanticJournal of Marine Systems, Volume 158, Pages 120–128, doi: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2016.02.009

Tagliabue, A., O. Aumont, J.P. Dunne, S. Dutkiewicz, E. Galbraith, J.K. Moore, A. Ridgwell, C. Stock, M. Vichi, C. Volker, and A. Yool (2016), The iron model intercomparison project (FeMIP) Phase 1: Broad scale distributions and comparison to recent GEOTRACES sections,
Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 30, doi: 10.1002/2015GB005289

D. Talmy, A. C. Martiny, C. Hill, A. E. Hickman, and M. J. Follows (2016), Microzooplankton regulation of surface ocean POC:PON ratios, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 30, doi: 10.1002/2015GB005273

Ward, Ben A. and Michael J. Follows (2016), Marine mixotrophy increases trophic transfer efficiency, mean organism size, and vertical carbon flux, PNAS, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1517118113

Zakem, E.J., and M.J. Follows (2016), A theoretical basis for a nanomolar critical oxygen concentration, Limnology and Oceanograph, doi: 10.1002/lno.10461


Brix, H., D. Menemenlis, C.N. Hill, S. Dutkiewicz, O. Jahn, D. Wang, K. Bowman, and H. Zhang (2015) Using Green’s Functions to Initialize and Adjust a Global, Eddying Ocean Biogeochemistry General Circulation Model, Ocean Modeling, 95, 1-14, doi: j.ocemod.2015.07.008

B.B. Cael (2015), The Good, the Bad, and the Tiny: A Simple, Mechanistic-Probabilistic Model of Virus-Nutrient Colimitation in Microbes, PLoS ONE, 10(11): e0143299. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0143299

Dutkiewicz, S., A.E. Hickman, O. Jahn, W.W. Gregg, C.B. Mouw, and M.J. Follows (2015),
Capturing optically important constituents and properties in a marine biogeochemical and ecosystem model, Biogeoscience, 12, 4447-4481, doi:10.5194/bg-12-4447-2015

Dutkiewicz, S., J.J. Morris, M.J. Follows, J. Scott, O. Levitan, S.T. Dyhrman, and I. Berman-Frank (2015), Impact of Ocean Acidification on the Structure of Future Phytoplankton Communities. Nature Climate Change, doi: 10.1038/nclimate2722

Levy, M., O. Jahn, S. Dutkiewicz, M.J. Follows, and F. d’Ovidio (2015)  The dynamical landscape of marine phytoplankton diversity, Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 12, 20150481, doi: 10.1098/rsif.2015.0481

Sauterey, B. and Ward, B. A. and Follows, M. J. and Bowler, C. and Claessen, D. (2015) When everything is not everywhere but species evolve: an alternative method to model adaptive properties of marine ecosystems Journal of Plankton Research, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 28-47

Villar, E., Farrant, G.K., Follows, M.J., et al, 2015, Environmental characteristics of Agulhas rings affect interocean plankton transport, Science, Vol. 348 no. 6237, doi: 10.1126/science.1261447

Weitz, J. S. and Stock, C. A. and Wilhelm, S. W. and Bourouiba, L., et al. (2015) A multitrophic model to quantify the effects of marine viruses on microbial food webs and ecosystem processes Isme Journal, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 1352-1364

Alexandra Z. Worden, Michael J. Follows, Stephen J. Giovannoni, Susanne Wilken, Amy E. Zimmerman, and Patrick J. Keeling (2015), Rethinking the marine carbon cycle: Factoring in the multifarious lifestyles of microbes. Science 13 February 2015: Vol. 347 no. 6223, doi: 10.1126/science.1257594


Barton, A.D., B.A. Ward, R.G. Williams, and M.J. Follows (2014), The impact of fine-scale turbulence on phytoplankton community structure. Limnology and Oceanography: Fluids and Environments, 4, 34-49, doi:  10.1215/21573689-2651533.

Clayton, S., T. Nagai and M.J. Follows (2014), Fine scale phytoplankton community structure across the Kuroshio Front. J. Plankton Res., 1-14, doi: 10.1093/plankt/fbu020.

Death, R., J.L. Wadham, F. Monteiro, A.M. Le Brocq, M. Tranter, A. Ridgwell, S. Dutkiewicz, and R. Raiswell (2014), Antarctic Ice Sheet fertilises the Southern Ocean, Biogeosciences, 11, 2635-2643, doi: 10.5194/bg-11-2635-2014.

Dutkiewicz, S., Ward, B. A., Scott, J. R., and Follows, M. J. (2014) Understanding predicted shifts in diazotroph biogeography using resource competition theory, Biogeosciences, 11, 5445-5461, doi: 10.5194/bg-11-5445-2014.

Kashtan, N., S.E Roggensack, S. Rodrigue, J.W. Thompson, S.J. Biller, A. Coe, H. Ding, P. Marttinen, R. Stocker, M.J. Follows, R. Stepanauskas and S.W. Chisholm (2014), Single cell genomics reveals hundreds of coexisting subpopulations in wild Prochlorococcus, Science, 344(6182), 416-420, doi: 10.1126/science.1248575.

Levy, M., O. Jahn, S. Dutkiewicz, and M.J. Follows (2014), Phytoplankton diversity and community structure affected by oceanic disperal and mesoscale turbulence, Limnology and Oceanography: Fluids and Environment, 4, 67-84, doi: 10.1215/21573689-2768549.

Moore, R.M., M. Kienast, M. Fraser, J. Cullen, C. Deutsch, S. Dutkiewicz, M.J. Follows, and C.J. Somes (2014), Substantial underestimation of nitrogen fixation suggested by hydrogen supersaturations in the Atlantic. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans , 119, 4340-4350, doi: 10.1002/2014JC010017.

Prowe, A.E.F., M. Pahlow, S. Dutkiewicz, and A. Oschlies (2014), How important is diversity to capture environmental change responses in ecosystem models? Biogeosciences, 11, 3397–3407, 2014, doi: 10.5194/bg-11-3397-2014.

Talmy, D., J. Blackford, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, L. Polimene, M.J. Follows, and R.J. Geider (2014) Flexible C : N ratio enhances metabolism of large phytoplankton when resource supply is intermittent. Accepted for publication in Biogeosciences,  11, 4881-4895, doi: 10.5194/bg-11-4881-2014

Vallina, S.M., M.J. Follows, S. Dutkiewicz, J. Montoya, P. Cermeno, and M. Loreau (2014),
Global relationship between phytoplankton diversity and productivity in the ocean, Nature Communications, 5, 4299, doi: 10.1038/ncomms5299.

Vallina, S. M. , B. A. Ward, S. Dutkiewicz, and M. J. Follows (2014), Maximal feeding with active prey-switching: a kill-the-winner functional response and its effect on global diversity and biogeography, Progress in Oceanography, 120, 93–109, doi:

Ward, B.A., S. Dutkiewicz, and M.J. Follows (2014), Modelling spatial and temporal patterns in size-structured marine plankton communities: top-down and bottom-up controls, Journal of Plankton Research, 0, 1-17, doi:10.1093/plankt/fbt097


Barton, A.D., Z.V. Finkel, B.A. Ward, D.G. Johns and M.J. Follows (2013), The roles of cell size and trophic strategy in North Atlantic diatom and dinoflagellate communities. Limnology and Oceanography, 58(1), 2013, 254-266, doi: 10.4319/lo.2013.58.1.0254

Clayton, S., S. Dutkiewicz , O. Jahn, and M.J. Follows (2013), Ocean eddies and dispersal maintain phytoplankton diversity, Limnology and Oceanography, Fluids and Environments, Volume 3: 182–197, doi: 10.1215/21573689-2373515

Dutkiewicz, S., J.R. Scott and M.J. Follows (2013), Winners and losers: Ecological and biogeochemical changes in a warming ocean, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, vol. 27, pp. 463, doi: 10.1002/gbc.20042

Fiksen, O., M.J. Follows and D.L. Aksnes (2013), Trait-based models of nutrient uptake in microbes extend the Michaelis-Menten framework Limnology and Oceanography, vol. 58, pp. 193, doi: 10.4319/lo.2013.58.1.0193

Goebel, N.L., C.A. Edwards, J.P. Zehr, M.J. Follows and S.G. Morgan (2013), Modeled phytoplankton diversity and productivity in the California Current System Ecological Modelling, vol. 264, pp. 37, doi: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2012.11.008

Kempes, C.P. et al. (2013), Morphological optimization for access to dual oxidants in biofilms (PNAS early online edition, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1315521110)

Lauderdale, J.M., A.C.N. Garabato, K.I.C. Oliver, M.J. Follows and R.G. Williams (2013) Wind-driven changes in Southern Ocean residual circulation, ocean carbon reservoirs and atmospheric CO2 Climate Dynamics, vol. 41, pp. 2145, doi: 10.1007%2Fs00382-012-1650-3

Ward, B.A., S. Dutkiewicz, and M.J. Follows (2013), Top-down and bottom-up controls in a global size-structured plankton food-web model. Journal of Plankton Research , 0, 1-17, doi: 10.1093/plankt/fbt097

Ward, B.A., S. Dutkiewicz, C.M. Moore and M.J. Follows. (2013), Iron, phosphorus, and nitrogen supply ratios define the biogeography of nitrogen fixation, Limnology and Oceanography, vol. 58, pp. 2059, doi: 10.4319/lo.2013.58.6.2059

Ward, B.A., M. Schartau, A. Oschlies,  A.P. Martin,  M.J. Follows, and T.R. Anderson (2013), When is a biogeochemical model too complex? Objective model reduction and selection for North Atlantic time-series sites, Progress in Oceanography, vol. 116, pp. 49, doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2013.06.002


Ward, B.A., S. Dutkiewicz, O. Jahn, and M.J. Follows (2012), A size structured food-web model for the global ocean: Linking physiology, ecology and biogeography. Limnology and Oceanography, 57, 1877-1891, doi: 10.4319/lo.2012.57.6.1877

Dutkiewicz, S. (2012), Power in Modeling Virtual Marine Microbes, Microbes magazine, 7, 314-319, LINK (requires membership)

Dutkiewicz, S., B. A. Ward, F. Monteiro, and M. J. Follows (2012), Interconnection of nitrogen fixers and iron in the Pacific Ocean: Theory and numerical simulations, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 26, GB1012, doi: 10.1029/2011GB004039

Kempes, C.P., S. Dutkiewicz, and M.J. Follows (2012), Growth, metabolic partitioning, and the size of microorganisms. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 109, 495-500, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1115585109

Monteiro, F. and M.J. Follows (2012) On nitrogen fixation and preferential remineralization of phosphorus. Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L06607, doi: 10.1029/2012GL050897

Prowe, A.E.F., M. Pahlow, S. Dutkiewicz, M. Follows, and A. Oschlies (2012), Top-down control of marine phytoplankton diversity in a global ecosystem model. Progr. Oceanogr., doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2011.11.016


Follows, M.J. and S. Dutkiewicz (2011), Modeling diverse communities of marine microbes, Annual Reviews of Marine Science, 3, 427-451, doi: 10.1146/annurev-marine-120709-142848

Karsenti, E., S.G. Acinas, P. Bork, C. Bowler, C. De Vargas, J. Raes, M. Sullivan, D. Arendt, F. Benzoni, J.-M. Claverie, M. Follows, G. Gorsky, P. Hingamp, D. Ludicone, O. Jaillon, S. Kandels-Lewis, U. Krzic, F. Not, H. Ogata, S. Pesant, E.G. Reynaud, C. Sardet, M.E. Sieracki, S. Speich, D. Velayoudon, J. Weissenbach, P. Wincker (2011), A Holistic Approach to Marine Ecosystems Biology, PLoS Biology, 9(10), 1-5, doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001177

Monteiro, F., S. Dutkiewicz, and M.J. Follows (2011), Biogeographical controls on the marine nitrogen fixers, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 25, GB2003, doi:10.1029/2010GB003902

Saito, M.A., E.M. Bertrand, S. Dutkiewicz, V.V. Bulygin, D.M. Moran, F.M. Monteiro, M.J. Follows, F.W. Valois, and J.B. Waterbury (2011), Iron conservation by reduction of metalloenzyme inventories in the marine diazotroph Crocosphaera watsonii.
Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1006943108

Ward, B.A., S. Dutkiewicz, A.D. Barton and M.J. Follows (2011), Biophysical Aspects of Resource Acquisition and Competition in Algal Mixotrophs, The American Naturalist, Vol. 178, No. 1 (July 2011), pp. 98-112, doi: 10.1086/660284


Barton, A.D., S. Dutkiewicz, G. Flierl, J. Bragg, and M.J. Follows (2010), Patterns of Diversity in Marine Phytoplankton, Science, 327, 1509 – 1511 doi: 10.1126/science.1184961

Barton, A.D., S. Dutkiewicz, G. Flierl, J. Bragg, and M.J. Follows (2010), Response to Comment on “Patterns of Diversity in Marine Phytoplankton”, Science, 329 (5991), 512-d. doi: 10.1126/science.1190048

Bragg, J., S. Dutkiewicz, O. Jahn, M. Follows, S.W. Chisholm (2010), Modeling selective pressures on picocyanobacterial nitrogen use in the global ocean, PLoS ONE, 5, e9569. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0009569

Hickman, A.E., S. Dutkiewicz, R.G. Williams, and M.J. Follows (2010), Modelling the effects of chromatic adaptation on phytoplankton comunity structure in the oligotrophic ocean. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 406, 1-17, doi:10.3354/meps08588

Monteiro, F., M.J. Follows and S. Dutkiewicz, 2010: Distribution of diverse nitrogen fixers in the global ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 24, GB3017, doi:10.1029/2009GB003731

Saba, V.S., M.A.M. Friedrichs, M.-E. Carr,…, S. Dutkiewicz, … et al. (2010), The challenges of modeling depth-integrated marine primary productivity over multiple decades: A case study at BATS and HOT. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 24, GB3020, doi:10.1029/2009GB003655


Dutkiewicz, S., M.J. Follows and J. Bragg. Modeling the coupling of ocean ecology and biogeochemistry (2009), Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 23, GB4017, doi:10.1029/2008GB003405

Monteiro, F. and M. Follows (2009), On the interannual variability of nitrogen fixation in the subtropical gyres, Journal of Marine Research, 67, 1-20, doi: 10.1357/002224009788597944

Verdy, A., M. Follows and G. Flierl (2009), Evolution of phytoplankton cell size in an allometric model. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 379, 1-12, doi: 10.3354/meps07909 


Cermeno, P., S. Dutkiewicz, P.G. Falkowski, M. Follows, R.P. Harris, and O. Schofield (2008), The role of oceanic nutricline depth in regulating Earth’s carbon cycle. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105, doi:10.1073/pnas.0811302106


Follows, M.J., S. Dutkiewicz, S. Grant and S.W. Chisholm (2007), Emergent biogeography of microbial communities in a model ocean, Science, 315, 1843-1846, doi: 10.1126/science.1138544

Hood, R.A., E.A. Laws, M.J. Follows and D.A. Siegel (2007), Modeling and prediction of microbial populations in the genomic era, Oceanography, 20, 155-165, doi: 10.5670/oceanog.2007.61